# CLO #1 – Describe how goals, constraints, incentives, and market

CLO #1 – Describe how goals, constraints, incentives, and market rivalry affect economic decisions.

CLO #2 – Analyze demand, supply, equilibrium prices, and price elasticities as a quantitative tool to forecast changes in revenues.

Using the graph below, develop a 2- to 4-page response in APA format using the following four-question prompt:

Question 1

What is the maximum amount you would pay for an asset that generates an income of \$250,000 at the end of each of five years if the opportunity cost of using funds is 8 percent?

Question 2

Suppose the supply function for product X is given by Qxs = −30 + 2Px − 4Pz. (LO1)

• How much of product X is produced when Px = \$600 and Pz = \$60?
• How much of product X is produced when Px = \$80 and Pz = \$60?
• Suppose Pz = \$60. Determine the supply function and inverse supply function for good X. Graph the inverse supply function.

Question 3

Suppose the own price elasticity of demand for good X is −5, its income elasticity is −1, its advertising elasticity is 4, and the cross-price elasticity of demand between it and good Y is 3.

Determine how much the consumption of this good will change if:

• The price of good X decreases by 6 percent.
• The price of good Y increases by 7 percent.
• Advertising decreases by 2 percent.
• Income increases by 3 percent.

Question 4

• A consumer is in equilibrium at point A in the accompanying figure. The price of good X is \$5.
• What is the price of good Y?
• What is the consumer’s income?
• At point A, how many units of good X does the consumer purchase?
• Suppose the budget line changes so that the consumer achieves a new equilibrium at point B. What change in the economic environment led to this new equilibrium? Is the consumer better off or worse off as a result of the price change?

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